BOULDER — As a young girl growing up in the 1930s and 40s, the word “fashions” conjured images of the modern-day femme fatale and sexy lady who could strut her stuff.
The word came to mean a person who lived the modern lifestyle — a woman of “the most glamorous look,” as one popular 1950s ad described them.
And as the world became more urban and commercialized, the image of the femme was the image that came to define what it meant to be a modern woman.
Now, that image is in a bad way.
But it is inarguable that the femmes were the image makers that shaped the womanly ideal, and the brand that created that image.
And the brand was not women’s.
Women’s magazines and women’s clothing have long been the stuff of myth, and they’re inextricably linked with the history of the woman.
The first edition of Cosmopolitan, the magazine that first published the first issue of a modern-style magazine, was printed in 1884.
In 1917, the first women’s edition of Harper’s Weekly, the only female-owned women’s publication, was published.
The earliest American women’s book was published in the mid-1930s, with the first American edition of The Woman’s Hour published in 1938.
“Feminism” in America In fact, women’s rights was a feminist issue — a cause for which women had campaigned.
The suffrage movement was fought in the 1890s, and women fought for equal pay for equal work.
They fought for women’s right to vote in the 1920s.
Women fought for the right to own property and run their own businesses in the early 1960s.
And they fought for sexual freedom and equal pay in the 1970s.
As women fought to be heard in public life, their fight was often framed in terms of the gender pay gap, which persists today as a key issue for women.
The women’s movement in the 1950s and 1960s was focused on the importance of women’s suffrage.
It was the women’s struggle for equal rights in a country that was predominantly male-dominated, and it is why so many women, including some who are today leading national and international feminist movements, were drawn to the cause.
“There is no such thing as a feminist today,” said Kristy Pritchett, who is a professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and author of The Gender Gap: A History.
“It’s just a term we use to describe women’s liberation.”
In the early decades of the 20th century, women were not allowed to vote, so they were left out of the politics of the day.
Women were excluded from many professions, like dentistry, and were not able to run for office until after World War II.
In addition, women, especially women of color, often had difficulty securing access to education and medical care.
The result was a massive gender gap in the country’s wealth, which was largely determined by gender — and by the lack of women in leadership positions.
It wasn’t until the 1960s that women’s organizations began to push for the inclusion of women.
In 1965, women won the right of suffrage, but it was not until the mid-’60s that they gained full equality in the workplace.
By the mid 1960s, many women began to feel the pull of feminism.
They felt empowered by the feminist movement, and in the ensuing decades they began to build up their own independent careers and businesses.
“I think the whole thing was very, very powerful,” said Pritcheltt, author of the book The Gender Wage Gap: How We Got Here and What It Means For Our Future.
“Women really became empowered, and as they did, their aspirations began to take shape.”
Today, the world’s largest companies are overwhelmingly owned by women.
And while some have tried to make it easier for women to succeed in the work force, the reality is that many still are not paid as much as men.
Pritchellt says that while the number of women working in technology and business has risen steadily over the past 50 years, the gender wage gap still persists.
“We’re still paying women lower than men, and still have very, really high gaps,” she said.
“This is a very real issue that is hurting women in many different ways.
And it’s also hurting men, too.
Men who work in these industries have been hurt by this gender wage inequality.”
In addition to the pay gap that still exists, women are more likely to be the victims of domestic violence, rape and sexual assault.
And women, on average, are still more likely than men to live in poverty.
While many women have taken steps to increase their earning potential, there is still a large gap between what men earn and what women earn, especially when it comes to college education.
The Gender Pay Gap